New Delhi: V Muraleedharan, the junior minister of External Affairs, in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha said that four out of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) have expressed official affirmations of support for India’s candidature for a permanent seat in an expanded UN Security Council.
The Minister further added that Indian officials and politicians are consistently taking up the issue of UNSC reforms with China. In February 2021, following India-China consultations on UNSC, responding to a question on India’s candidature for permanent membership of the UNSC, the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson responded that “China supports UNSC reforms in a manner that increases the authority and efficacy of the UNSC, increase the representation and voice of developing countries so that the small and medium-sized countries have a greater opportunity to participate in the decision making of the UNSC. It should be done through the widest possible democratic consultation and seek a package solution that takes into account the interest and concerns of all parties.”
The UNSC reforms process is being discussed under the Intergovernmental Negotiation (IGN) framework of the UN General Assembly, where India and inter-Governmental Negotiation (IGN) framework of the UN General Assembly, where India along with like-minded countries have been pushing for text-based negotiations to commence on an urgent basis. India is also working alongside other reform-oriented countries through its membership in G-4 (India, Japan, Brazil and Germany) and the L.69 Group (a cross-regional group of countries from Asia, Africa and Latin America) for building support among the UN Member States for expansion in both permanent and non-permanent categories.